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Fibromuscular Dysplasia

Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD): The Underdiagnosed Vascular Disease

Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a condition where the artery walls weaken, resulting in areas of narrowing (stenosis) and widening (aneurysms) giving the look of a string of beads.  This results in an increased risk of the artery tearing (dissection). FMD can affect arteries throughout the body but most commonly involves those supplying the kidneys (renal arteries) and brain (carotid arteries).  While there's no cure, early diagnosis and treatment are key. 

Who's Affected?

Symptoms: They Vary Widely

FMD symptoms depend on the affected arteries:

Causes: Still Being Investigated

The exact cause of FMD remains unknown, but research suggests a combination of:

Recent Advancements

Diagnosis & Treatment

Why It Matters: Spreading the Word

Increased awareness of FMD is crucial because:


Dr. Celestin was mentored by the experts of FMD and has participated in the FMD clinics during her mentorship, making her well versed in FMD.